Selected Publications

- Andreev Reflection in Superfluid He-3: A Probe for Quantum Turbulence

Bradley et al., Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics Vol. 8: 407-430 (2017) - Operating Nanobeams in a Quantum Fluid

Bradley et al., Nature Scientific Reports**7**, 4876 (2017) - Single Quantum Level Electron Turnstile

D.M.T. Van Zanten et al., Phys. Rev. Lett.**116**166801 (2016) - Topological Superconductivity and High Chern Numbers in 2D Ferromagnetic Shiba Lattices

J. RĂ¶ntynen, T. Ojanen, Phys. Rev. Lett.**114**236803, (2015) - Squeezing of Quantum Noise of Motion in a Micromechanical Resonator

J.-M. Pirkkalainen et al., Phys. Rev. Lett**115**, 24 (2015) - Direct-current superconducting quantum interference devices for the readout of metallic magnetic calorimeters

S. Kempf, A. Ferring, A. Fleischmann, C. Enss, Supercond. Sci. Technol.**28**, 045008 (2015)

## Optimal Probabilistic Work Extraction beyond the Free Energy Difference with a Single-Electron Device

*O. Maillet, P. A. Erdman, V. Cavina, B. Bhandari, E. T. Mannila, Joonas T. Peltonen, A. Mari, F. Taddei, C. Jarzynski, V. Giovannetti, and J. P. Pekola*

We experimentally realize protocols that allow us to extract work beyond the free energy difference from a single-electron transistor at the single thermodynamic trajectory level. With two carefully designed out-of-equilibrium driving cycles featuring kicks of the control parameter, we demonstrate work extraction up to large fractions of kBT or with probabilities substantially greater than 1/2, despite the zero free energy difference over the cycle. Our results are explained in the framework of nonequilibrium fluctuation relations. We thus show that irreversibility can be used as a resource for optimal work extraction even in the absence of feedback from an external operator.

*Phys. Rev. Lett.*

**122**, 150604 (2019)doi:

*10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.150604*