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## Superfluid vortex front at T -> 0: Decoupling from the reference frame

*J.J. Hosio, V.B. Eltsov, R. de Graaf, P.J. Heikkinen, R. Hänninen, M. Krusius, V.S. L*

Steady-state turbulent motion is created in superfluid ³He-B at low temperatures in the form of a turbulent vortex front, which moves axially along a rotating cylindrical container of ³He-B and replaces vortex-free flow with vortex lines at constant density. We present the first measurements on the thermal signal from dissipation as a function of time, recorded at 0.2T_{c} during the front motion, which is monitored using NMR techniques. Both the measurements and the numerical calculations of the vortex dynamics show that at low temperatures the density of the propagating vortices falls well below the equilibrium value, i.e., the superfluid rotates at a smaller angular velocity than the container. This is the first evidence for the decoupling of the superfluid from the container reference frame in the zero-temperature limit.

*Phys. Rev. Lett.*

**107**, 135302 (2011)doi:

*10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.135302*